Literature review of queer theory

They insist that the field of normalization is not limited to sexuality; social classifications such as gender, race and nationality constituted by a "governing logic" require an epistemological intervention through queer theory" Green Walter Benjamin broke new ground in his work in his study of aesthetics and the reproduction of the work of art.

What Is Literary Theory? The Genealogy of Morals. Feminist gender theory followed slightly behind the reemergence of political feminism in the United States and Western Europe during the s.

Greimas, Gerard Genette, and Barthes. This opposition destabilizes identity categories, which are designed to identify the "sexed subject" and place individuals within a single restrictive sexual orientation. Reimer was "made" female by doctors, but later in life identified as "really" male, married and became a stepfather to his wife's three children, and went on to tell his story in As Nature Made Him: French feminism, and perhaps all feminism after Beauvoir, has been in conversation with the psychoanalytic revision of Freud in the work of Jacques Lacan.

Queer Theory

Instead of defending itself against those criticisms that its operations attract, queer allows those criticisms to shape its — for now unimaginable — future directions. California, Santa Barbara, English Department with a team of department graduate students and others. The Formalists placed great importance on the literariness of texts, those qualities that distinguished the literary from other kinds of writing.

The other schools of literary theory, to varying degrees, embrace a postmodern view of language and reality that calls into serious question the objective referent of literary studies. Structuralism and Poststructuralism Like the "New Criticism," "Structuralism" sought to bring to literary studies a set of objective criteria for analysis and a new intellectual rigor.

Classic Texts and Contemporary Trends. His approach held sway in English literature programs for several decades but lost favor during the ascendance of post-structuralism. Under postmodernity, all knowledge comes to be seen as "constructed" within historical self-contained systems of understanding.

Butler uses Sigmund Freud 's notion of how a person's identity is modeled in terms of the normal. Many critics may not embrace the label "feminist," but the premise that gender is a social construct, one of theoretical feminisms distinguishing insights, is now axiomatic in a number of theoretical perspectives.

Taking as its premise that human societies and knowledge consist of texts in one form or another, cultural theory for better or worse is now applied to the varieties of texts, ambitiously undertaking to become the preeminent model of inquiry into the human condition.

This discourse centered on the way that knowledge of sexuality was structured through the use of language. Essays on Women, Literature, and Theory. Much of what theoretical energy of masculine gender theory currently possesses comes from its ambiguous relationship with the field of "Queer theory.

Hill and Wang, There are two responses to this objection. Or the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. Additionally, she compares the performativity of gender to the performance of the theater.

The New Feminist Criticism: Postcolonial theory has brought fresh perspectives to the role of colonial peoples—their wealth, labor, and culture—in the development of modern European nation states. The Formalist adage that the purpose of literature was "to make the stones stonier" nicely expresses their notion of literariness.

In Butler's account, it is on the basis of the construction of natural binary sex that binary gender and heterosexuality are likewise constructed as natural. To offer feedback on the site, please use the feedback form.

Through literature we can discover new meanings, locate and begin to cross bridges between seemingly distant or dissimilar persons, places, things, and thoughts.

Literary Theory

Butler acknowledges, however, that categorized identities are important for political action at the present time. However, some scholars like Mark Bauerlein continue to argue that less capable theorists have abandoned proven methods of epistemologyresulting in persistent lapses in learning, research, and evaluation.

The New Criticism was the first school to disavow the role of the author in interpreting texts, preferring to focus on "the text itself" in a close reading.

Harvard University Press, Barthes applies these currents of thought in his famous declaration of the "death" of the Author: In one of the earliest developments of literary theory, German "higher criticism" subjected biblical texts to a radical historicizing that broke with traditional scriptural interpretation.

Walter Benjamin broke new ground in his work in his study of aesthetics and the reproduction of the work of art.

Annamarie Jagose wrote Queer Theory: For some theories of literature especially certain kinds of formalismthe distinction between "literary" and other sorts of texts is of paramount importance.

Marxist theorists use traditional techniques of literary analysis but subordinate aesthetic concerns to the final social and political meanings of literature.Queer Theory (Literature) 6, Followers. Papers; People Queer Studies, English Literature, Feminist Theory, Queer Theory; From a literature review, is intended to reflect and discuss the conditions for the appearance of Queer studies, its development and its consequences.

Analyzed as a rhizomatic meeting of Cultural Studies, the. ENGL Introduction to Theory of Literature. Lecture 23 - Queer Theory and Gender Performativity Overview.

In this lecture on queer theory, Professor Paul Fry explores the work of Judith Butler in relation to Michel Foucault’sHistory of Sexuality. Differences in terminology and methods are discussed, including Butler’s emphasis on. Queer theory is not a theory of homosexuality, is an approach to sexuality and, more generally, identity, which builds on some of the ideas developed by Foucault (Reading).

According to the reading, there is one point I think it’s very important. Literary Theory "Literary theory" is the body of ideas and methods we use in the practical reading of literature. By literary theory we refer not to the meaning of a work of literature but to the theories that reveal what literature can mean.

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